Berlin, as Germany’s capital, is steeped in history and culture. Berlin, badly damaged during World War Two and the cold war, has rebuilt itself as an international city rich in cultural diversity and architectural variety.

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Top 10 Places to Visit in Berlin

Visit Berlin’s most popular tourist destination and see the traces of the city’s recent history.

Top 10 Places to Visit in Berlin

1. Oberbaum Bridge

Across the Spree, you’ll find the Oberbaumbr├╝cke (Oberbaum Bridge). The bridge connects the neighbourhoods of Friedrichshain and Kreuzberg and is two floors tall. It is both aesthetically pleasing and historically significant because it connects the former East and West of Germany.

The Oberbaum Bridge is a popular photo op for city visitors. It represents a coming together of east and west in reunified Berlin. The nicest views of the Spree may be seen from either side of the river, which can be reached by crossing the bridge.

2. Brandenburg Gate

The Brandenburg gate, which was constructed in the late 1700s, is Berlin’s sole surviving city gate. Located in West Berlin, this gate welcomes visitors to Unter den Linden. The gate, which served as a Berlin Wall crossing, saw protests during the division of Germany and celebrations after its fall in 1989.

After suffering substantial damage during World War II, the gate received a thorough restoration in the early 2000s. Now entirely rebuilt, it stands as a reminder of not only Berlin’s reunification but also of the region’s troubled past.

3. Reichstag

An important part of German history, the Reichstag houses the country’s parliament. Damage was extensive due to the fire in 1933 and the bombings during the Battle of Berlin in 1945.

At the Brandenburg Gate, the Reichstag was not entirely repaired until after the Berlin Wall came down and Germany was reunified. As a memorial to the building’s troubled history, some historical wounds, such as graffiti left by Soviet soldiers, were preserved.

Despite initial criticism, the building’s eclectic blend of architectural forms has proven popular with visitors, who flock there by the hundreds every year. Visitors must sign up in advance to enter the glass dome at the building’s summit, which offers a breathtaking panorama of the city below.

4. Holocaust Memorial

The Holocaust Memorial is a sombre yet moving homage to the six million Jews who perished as a result of Hitler’s Final Solution, located not far from the Brandenburg Gate. Across 205,000 square feet, the 2,711 slabs are laid out in a wavelike pattern.

Sizes range from just above the ankle to well over six feet, making each stone one of a kind. It’s disorienting and unstable since the routes between the slabs undulate.

Guests are free to wander in any direction they like among the stones. There is a subterranean information centre at the memorial’s base where visitors can learn about the Holocaust and hear the personal tales of those who were affected by the Nazi party.

5. East Side Gallery

The East Side Gallery is the longest remaining section of the Berlin Wall. It features works by artists from all around the world and is sometimes referred to as a testament to freedom.

Beginning in 1990, this body of work both chronicles the period following the fall of the Berlin Wall and looks ahead with optimism. The wall has been eroded and vandalised, and parts of it have been relocated so that building can proceed.

6. Museum Island

Museum Island, situated between the Spree River and Kupfergraben, is home to five different museums. The original museum buildings, like many others in Berlin, were nearly destroyed during the Second World War but are now open to the public.

The Alte Nationalgalerie is home to the largest collection of 19th century paintings and sculptures in Germany, while the Altes Museum features antiquities from ancient Greece and Rome. The Nues Museum features ancient artefacts as well as Egyptian works of art, such as a bust of Queen Nefertiti.

Another collection of Greek and Babylonian artefacts is on show at the Pergamon Museum. This area has the Ishtar Gate and the Pergamon Altar. The Bode Museum houses a wide variety of artworks, including paintings, sculptures, and numismatic (coin) collections.

7. Potsdamer Platz

This bustling district of Berlin is home to numerous galleries, theatres, and boutiques. After being completely devastated in the war, the area was reconstructed as a contemporary plaza complete with iconic buildings and a shopping arcade.

The neighbourhood serves as a symbol of Berlin’s reunification, bringing together people from all sides of the city in one brand new neighbourhood. Sleek, contemporary office buildings surround a reproduction of Germany’s first traffic signal in the middle of the platz.

The Sony Centre has a Cinema Complex and Film Museum, a shopping mall, and a 3D IMAX theatre; the DaimlerChrysler Atrium contains a revolving art show.

8. Tiergarten

The Gro├čer Tiergarten in central Berlin was formerly the hunting grounds of the wealthy in Brandenburg. The Berlin Victory Column, erected in honour of a Prussian victory, dominates the centre of a park’s circular roadway layout.

The column is accessible by foot traffic via four separate tunnels dug below earth. The beautiful palace where the German president resides is called Schloss Bellevue, and it is located next to the Column.

The Berlin Zoo is located in the southwestern part of the Tiergarten and is home to over fourteen thousand animals. Because of the animals’ access to outside spaces, it has become one of Europe’s most visited zoos.

9. Topography of Terror

The Topography of Fear is one of the most moving sights in all of Berlin. The old site of the SS Reich Main Security Office of the Nazi administration is now a museum with interior and outdoor exhibits.

Prison cells were dug near the Berlin Wall to demonstrate the atrocities committed under Nazi rule. Berlin’s Jewish ghettos are examined, criminals are brought to justice in the Nuremberg Trials, and a memorial to the victims of the Nazis’ atrocities are all on display.

The Topography of Terror is a significant historical site, but it can be difficult to see because to its emotional resonance.

10. Berlin TV Tower

The Berlin TV Tower, or Berliner Fernsehturm as the locals call it, is located not far from Alexanderplatz. The observation deck of the highest building in Germany provides breathtaking panoramas of the surrounding area.

One of the most iconic examples of German mid-century modern architecture is the Berlin TV Tower, which was constructed in the 1960s. It was also an engineering marvel when it was built.

You can have a drink or a complete meal while taking in the view at an upmarket restaurant located directly beneath the main observation deck.